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 Addition words / phrases

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sum

The sum of 5 and a number 5 + x Ths sum of 5 and 6 5 + 6 Ths sum of a number and 6 x + 6


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added to

5 added to a number y + 5 5 added to 6 6 + 5 A number added to 6 6 + y


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increased by

5 increased by a number 5 + z 5 increased by 6 5 + 6 A number increased by 6 z + 6


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more than (This is NOT the same as "is more than")

5 more than a number z + 5 5 more than 6 6 + 5 A number more than 6 6 + z


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plus

5 plus a number 5 + x 5 plus 6 5 + 6 6 plus 5 6 + 5 6 plus a number 6 + x A number plus 6 x + 6


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sum
 Subtraction words / phrases

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difference

The difference of 5 and a number 5  x The difference of a number and 5 x  5 Ths difference of 5 and 6 5  6 Ths difference of 6 and 5 6  5


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decreased by

5 decreased by a number 5  x A number decreased by 5 x  5 5 decreased by 6 5  6 6 decreased by 5 6  5


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fewer than (This is NOT the same as "is fewer than")

5 fewer than a number x  5 A number fewer than 5 5  x 5 fewer than 6 6  5 6 fewer than 5 5  6


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less than (This is NOT the same as "is less than")

5 less than a number x  5 A number less than 5 5  x 5 less than 6 6  5 6 less than 5 5  6


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from

5 from a number x  5 A number from 5 5  x 5 from 6 6  5 6 from 5 5  6


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reduced by

5 reduced by a number 5  x A number reduced by 5 x  5 5 reduced by 6 5  6 6 reduced by 5 6  5


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difference
 Multiplication words / phrases

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product (product of)

The product of 5 and a number 5x The product of a number and 5 x5 The product of 5 and 6 5•6 The product of 6 and 5 6•5


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of

Half of a number (1/2)x Onethird of a number (1/3)x


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multiplied by

5 multiplied by a number 5x A number multiplied by 5 x5 5 multiplied by 6 5•6 6 multiplied by 5 6•5


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double

Double a number 2x


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triple

Triple a number 3x


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product (product of)
 Division words / phrases

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quotient

The quotient of 5 and a number 5/x The quotient of a number and 5 x/5 The quotient of 5 and 6 5/6 The quotient of 6 and 5 6/5


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divides into

5 divides into a number x/5 A number divides into 5 5/x 5 divides into 6 6/5 6 divides into 5 5/6


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divided by

5 divided by a number 5/x A number divided by 5 x/5 5 divided by 6 5/6 6 divided by 5 6/5


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quotient